Orthognathic surgery : A range of Complications
Orthognathic surgery is a way to improve the appearance of the face and to strengthen the functionality of mouth .Orthognathic surgery is a normal routine surgery as we know that in any surgery there are some complications. Orthognathic surgery is very complicated because it is basically done with new born babies and young patients. It is easy to set physical structure in young age rather in the old age because the body of new born baby is soft and easily move in desired position. Complications may be arising during the procedure of before the orthognathic surgery or after the surgery. The orthodontist carefully tackle the every part of injury. The complications of orthognathic surgery are wide in their range.
The complication of orthognathic surgery is follows during the period of surgery. The complications arise during surgery are as follows: swelling in the jaw, infection, bleeding, loss of sensation, relapses, and plague and longer other complication may include displacement of bones. The complication of loss of sensation occurs in the areas of nose, chin, cheek and tongue. The patient can experience loss of sensation after orthognathic surgery. The sesnsation will regains after few months Bleeding is a normal complication which comes during replacement of upper jaw. In severe bleeding there is a facility of emergency care. Infections are the common complication that may be present after any type of surgery. Infection may be acute, chronic, local or general. Infections may be come due to excessive use of steroids, age of patient, and time duration of surgery, dehydration and may be through infected person. Relapse refers to the reoccurrence of a particular condition after some period of time. Relapse is a predictable condition of an orthognathic surgery.
The complication of orthognathic surgery is familiar to other surgery complication. They patient may suffer from vomiting, swelling in the nerves and indirect trauma. The patient may face physical or psychological trauma. Some people may feel uncomfortable with the new face and new mouth.